SECURE CLOUD ACCESS

IF THERE IS NO EARLY DIAGNOSIS,
THEN THERE IS NO TIMELY TREATMEN

AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
​AND VASCULAR ASSESSMENTS

SWEATC

The SweatC is a galvanic skin response related to the ​​sweat gland function. It uses the sympathetic skin response (SSR) method to assess the sudomotor function via foot skin disposable electrodes following a predetermined double stimulations (electrical and metaboreflex) and specific sequence of measurement.

The  SweatC  measures the absorption of the induced sweat on the bulk of the cloth electrodes.  As perspiration increases, more sweat glands are stimulated which increases the voltage amplitude in a given area of skin covered by the disposable cloth electrodes.
The test is performed in the supine position on an exam table and the patient need to be relaxed at least 5 minutes. ​​


Per the last published  clinical study performed in University of Miami:​​​
The SweatC marker NO Sweat Peak had a sensitivity of 88% and a specificity of 68% (Area Under the Curve = 0.81,p< 0.0001) to detect retinopathy.

The NO Sweat Peak response marker inversely correlated with BUN (ρ=−0.41,p< 0.0001), homocysteine(ρ=−0.44,p< 0.0001), fibrinogen (ρ=−0.41,p< 0.0001), the Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy score (ρ=−0.68,p<0.0001), and the heart rate variability Total Power (ρ=−0.57,p< 0.0001), and it positively correlated with the Photoplethysmography Index (PTGi;ρ=0.53p< 0.0001).
The SweatC markerSweat Peak inversely correlated with the severity of symptoms on the peripheral neuropathy scale (ρ=−0.56,p< 0.0001).

ELECTRODE PLACEMENT

HOW IT WORKS ?

REVIEW OF THE SUDOMOTOR TEST SWEATC 

The Sudomotor testing clinical data suggest it may be the most sensitive means to detect peripheral small fiber neuropathy (Low, et al.,2006).
Sudomotor function is controlled by part of the sympathetic nervous system (post sympathetic cholinergic fiber) and it relates to skin microcirculation and small demyelinated nerve fibers (C-Fibers).
Microcirculatory disorders and Small fiber neuropathy could be the earliest stages of peripheral distal neuropathy in  diabetic patients. 
In addition, sudomotor dysfunction has been found in different diseases or as medication side effects such as cancer treatment, antihypertensive treatment (in particular beta and alpha blockers and calcium antagonists), metformin treatment, vitamin deficiency, Parkinson's disease, AIDS, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, hypothyroidism, kidney and liver diseases, alcoholism, Alzheimer's disease and Guillain-Barre syndrome.

​Traditional and recognized neurophysiologic measurements of sudomotor function include thermoregulatory sweat testing (TST), quantitative sudomotor axon reflex testing (QSART), silicone impressions and sympathetic skin response (SSR).


Sudomotor dysfunction is used to define a decreased sudomotor activity. 
Impaired response of autonomic C-Fiber ( low level or absence or acetylcholine production) or of capillaries  vasodilation ( low or absence of response to Nitric Oxide) lead to sudomotor dysfunction.

The autonomic C-fiber response (Sweat Peak) is measured at the positive electrode.
The vasodilation response (NO Peak)  is measured at the negative electrode. 

DISPOSABLE ELECTRODE ADVANTGES:
     - No disinfection and no maintenance. 
      - Increased reproducibility (no ageing of the electrodes).
      - Prevent cross contamination
      - Prevent biased measurement from the temperature 

      - Prevent biased measurement from the size of the feet

NOTES! SweatC has been calibrated with special gel on the disposable electrodes  and those electrodes are only sold by LD Technology. In case of  use of other electrodes, LD Technology cannot warranty the accuracy of the measurements. 
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